Why are these drugs?

Benzonate is used to relieve cough. Benzonate is in a class of medicines called antitussive (cough suppressants). It works by decreasing the cough reflex in the lungs and airways.

How should I use this medicine?

Benzonate is available as a liquid-filled capsule and oral capsule. It is usually taken three times a day as needed. Carefully follow the directions on the label of your prescription and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part that you do not understand. In the same way that you take benzonatate right away. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor.

Swallow capsules and liquid-filled capsules whole; Do not break, dissolve, cut, crush, suck or chew them. If the medicine is released in the mouth, it can make it numb and cause choking. Do not eat or drink if you feel numbness or tingling in your mouth, tongue, throat, or face. If numbness or tingling continues or worsens, seek medical attention immediately.

Other uses for this medicine

This medicine may be prescribed for other purposes; Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

What special precautions should I follow?

Before taking benzonate,

  • Tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to benzonate, procaine (novocaine), tetracaine (in syner), any other medicines, or any ingredients in benzonate capsules. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for a list of ingredients.
  • Tell your doctor and pharmacist which prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products you are taking or plan to take. Your doctor may need to change the dose of your medicine or carefully monitor you for side effects.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or breast-feed. If you become pregnant while taking benzonatate, call your doctor.
  • If you have surgery, including dental surgery, tell your doctor or dentist that you are taking benzonatate.

What special dietary instructions should I follow?

If your doctor tells you otherwise, continue a normal diet.

What should I do if I forget the dose?

This medicine is usually taken as needed. If you are taking benzonatate regularly and skipping a dose, skip the missed dose and continue on a regular schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for the missed one.

What side effects can this medicine cause?

Benzonate can cause side effects. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are serious or do not go away:

  • nausea
  • constipation
  • drowsiness
  • Headache
  • dizziness
  • stuffy nose
  • feeling cold
  • burning in the eyes

Some side effects can be serious. If you experience any of these symptoms, call your doctor immediately:

  • rash or hives
  • itchy
  • throat constriction
  • difficulty breathing or swallowing
  • breast numbness
  • confusion
  • hallucinations (see or hear non-existent things)

Benzonate may cause other side effects. Call your doctor if you have any unusual problems with this medicine.

If you experience a serious side effect, you or your doctor can send a report to the MedWatch program for adverse events reported by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) over the Internet ( or by phone (1-800-332-1088).

What should I know about the storage and disposal of this medicine?

Store this medicine in tightly closed packaging. It is very important to store this medication in a closed container protected from children and keep it out of the reach of children. Children may be attracted to the shape and appearance of liquid-filled capsules, and they may die if they swallow the medicine. Store it at room temperature and away from excessive heat and moisture (not in the bathroom).

Unnecessary medicines should be disposed of in a special way so that pets, children and other people cannot consume them. However, do not flush this medicine into the toilet. Instead, the best way to get rid of your medications is through a drug return program. Talk to your pharmacist or contact your local recycling department to learn about return programs in your community. Visit the FDA’s Safe Medicine Disposal website ( for more information if you don’t have access to a return program.

It is important to keep all medicines out of the reach of children, as many containers (such as weekly pills and tablets for eye drops, creams, plasters and inhalers) are not resistant to children, and small children can easily open them. To protect young children from poisoning, always close the protective caps and immediately put the medicine in a safe place – one that is above and beyond, out of sight and reach.

In case of emergency / overdose

In case of overdose, call the Toxicological Helpline 1-100-222-1222. Information is also available on the Internet at If the victim faints, has a seizure, has breathing problems or cannot be awakened, immediately call the emergency service at 911.

If benzonatate is taken accidentally, seek medical attention immediately. Overdose symptoms can occur quickly (within 15-20 minutes after taking the medication), and death in children is recorded within an hour. These symptoms may include the following:

  • restlessness
  • uncontrolled shaking of a body part
  • confusion
  • seizures
  • unconsciousness

What other information should I know?

Keep all appointments with your doctor.

Do not let anyone take your medicine. Ask your pharmacist any questions about topping up your prescription.

It’s important for you to keep a written list of all prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) medicines that you take, as well as any foods such as vitamins, minerals, or other nutritional supplements. You should take this list with you every time you visit a doctor or go to the hospital. This is also important information that you need to carry in case of emergency.

Trade marks

  • Tessalon ®
  • Zonatuss ®

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