Tramadol: composition, indications, dosage, side effects

Composition and form of release

The active substance is tramadol. It is available in various forms – capsules and drops for oral administration, rectal suppositories, injection solution.

Indications

Effective pain medication. Relieves pain attacks of various origins and various strengths, including significant. It is used for acute and chronic pain syndrome, for acute injuries to prevent pain shock, during diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, after operations, to relieve pain arising from cancer. It has a fast, strong and lasting effect, like most synthetic opiates. However, inferior in effectiveness to morphines. When switching from morphine to tramadol, an increase in dosages is required.

For mild pain, do not recommend.

Contraindications

Not applicable if the patient is in a state of extreme intoxication, intoxication. It is contraindicated for allergies to tramadol, and it should not be used simultaneously with monoamine oxidase inhibitors.

Caution should be exercised when prescribing the drug to drug users, traumatic brain injury, epilepsy, in case of abdominal pain of unknown origin.

Avoid prolonged use, as resistance to it, may develop, and the effect of the drug will weaken. Drug dependence is also possible.

Pregnancy and lactation

Use with great care, under the supervision of a doctor. There is no complete certainty of its complete safety for the woman and the fetus.

Dosage and administration

Introduced infusion of 1-2 ampoules (50-100 milligrams) per day. The maximum daily dose is 400 mg. The same dosage is recommended for intramuscular and subcutaneous administration.

Capsules are taken with water at the same dosage – from 50 to 400 mg per day. In drops, take 20 drops (the same 50 mg), up to 8 times a day.

If necessary, tramadol is administered rectally (after emptying the intestines by introducing a suppository over the sphincter). It is permissible to enter up to 4 times a day.

Intravenous administration provides the fastest effect – 5-10 minutes, oral administration will give an analgesic effect not earlier than in half an hour. The action lasts from three to five hours.

Do not exceed the recommended dosage, as a single dose of a large dose of tramadol can cause drug dependence.

Overdose

It is possible to increase side effects (hallucinations, lethargy, tachycardia), and severe intoxication, which manifests itself in severe vomiting, collapse, coma, seizures, and depression of the respiratory center may occur. In case of an overdose, one should rinse the stomach and pyrrhic enterosorbents.

Side effects

If the dosage is not exceeded, then taking this drug rarely causes side effects. In rare cases, symptoms of nausea, dizziness, excessive sweating were observed.

Terms and conditions of storage

It can be stored up to 5 years at a temperature of 15-25 ° C. The conditions for access to the drug are tightened, as it refers to narcotic drugs – opiates, and is stored in accordance with the requirements for drugs of group A.

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